ChArMEx Program: A community of Projects PDF Print E-mail
Written by Hamonou   
Wednesday, 30 January 2013 16:22

As part of the international multidisciplinary program MISTRALS (Mediterranean Integrated Studies At Local And Regional Scales), ChArMEx (the Chemistry-Aerosol Mediterranean Experiment) is an international cooperative research program that aims at a better understanding and quantification of the tropospheric chemistry and its impacts in the Mediterranean with a focus on air quality, regional climate, and biogeochemistry, and of their future evolution. ChArMEx is composed of many scientific projects and involves a large research community from various disciplines and methodological backgrounds. This section is dedicated to them.

ADRIMED aims at studying how the aerosol load over the Mediterranean basin has been and will be impacted by changes in precipitation due to ongoing climate change in the next 50 years. This project is based upon (1) a major experimental campaign in the Occidental Mediterranean basin, associated with (2) climatic simulations at the regional scale (RegCM4 model).

Funded by CNES/CSTB, BAMED aims to prepare low-level drifting balloons and some accompanying deployment guidance for the HyMeX field campaigns. BAMED teams also operates ballonns for the ChArMEx campaign. The in-situ collected and near real time transmitted observations of air masses over the Mediterranean sea benefits the comprehension of the chemical dynamics and ageing process ongoing during the pollution transport.

CANOPEE is an ANR-JCJC started in early 2011 for 3 years. Our objective is to understand and quantify the role of intra-canopy processes in the surface-atmosphere exchange of compounds, focusing on biogenic VOCs, and especially isoprene, which is the first biogenic VOC emitted, and ozone. It relies on the combination of experimental and modelling approaches, and a multi-disciplinary methodology including leaf-scale to canopy-scale measurements for the structural, chemical and ecological characteristics of the canopy.

  • CARBO-SOR: Source et Réactivité du Carbone Organique gazeux dans les panaches de pollution continentaux

CORSiCA is a multi-site observatory deployed in Corsica. It was created to support the atmospheric and oceanographic studies made in the frame of HyMeX and ChArMEx and within the international and multidisciplinary MISTRALS (Mediterranean Integrated STudies at Regional And Local Scales) program.  HyMeX (Hydrological cycle in the Mediterranean Experiment) focuses on the caracterisation and understanding of the hydrological cycle in the Mediterranean basin whereas ChArMEx (Chemistry-Aerosol Mediterranean Experiment) adresses interactions between the atmospheric composition and climate change.

SAF-MED aims to develop a better understanding of the origins of the high secondary organic aerosol (SOA) concentrations observed in the western Mediterranean in summer with a focus on the role of atmospheric chemical processing and particle properties in SOA formation.

The objectives of the TRANSEMED project is to assess the state of atmospheric anthropogenic pollution at urban and EMB scales at present and for the next decades.

  • TRAQA: TRAnsport et Qualité de l'Air au dessus de la Méditerranée

TRAQA is an experiment using intensively aircraft and constant volume balloons means as well as modelling to investigate pollution plumes (ageing, import/export processes between boundary layer and free troposphere, Lagrangian processes) over the Mediterranean sea.  Three pollution scenario are being studied. (1) Fos-Berre industrial (near Marseille, Frnace) exports to the open sea during a meteorological situation dominated by moderate Mistral wind. (2) Plumes driven by sea breeze conditions and topography in the Barcelona region, and (3) aerosol plume from the European or African continent towards the Corsica island.


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